28 de October de 1760 - La laboriosidad de los catalanes, consecuencia de una falta de juicio político: a vuestra empresa, pobres (748 + 30)

Barcelona, Oct. 28, 1760.

Those who charge the Spaniards with idleness, ought at least to make arr exception in favour of the Catalonian rusticks, whom I found this morning at work by moon-light in the fields, as I walked out of Piera by four o’clock.

How, said I, does it happen, that these people are so diligent in quitting their beds, and rise so early for such a purpose? Surely the fellows get up thus betimes to their labours, that they may avoid fatiguing themselves during the burning hours of the noon.

See how travellers are quick in finding out the reason of things! I had scarce formed the thought, when I laughed at my ill-natured sagacity, as I recollected that the weather was then so cold, that the mid-day hours could not prove troublesome to the husbandmen. Let therefore the honest fellows have the praise they so well deserve of an activity and industry, which is perhaps not to be matched any where.

Nor is that activity the only quality in them that merits my commendation. Their piety has likewise a just claim to it, as I heard them loudly recite their prayers while they busied themselves with their lopping-knives about their vines and mulberry-trees.

I have been at times an early riser myself in several countries, most especially when on a journey. But although the peasantry of every country be in general very ready to get up betimes to their works, yet I never observed them any where to rise so early, as I find them to do in the neighbourhood of Piera.

My good Canon assures me, that the Aragonians do not yield much to the Catalans in this particular; yet he owns that the Catalans are the most active people throughout Spain, and assigns a good reason for it. The reason is, says he, that, from the age of fifteen to sixty, the poor Catalans are obliged to pay a capitation of forty four reals annually, besides their quota of the taxes that are laid in common on all subjects. That heavy capitation, continues the Canon, was laid on the Catalans by Philip V, to punim them for their obstinate adherence to his competitor Charles in the long succession-war as they call it.

See what the little get by meddling in the contests of the great! The common people of Catalonia, and the peasantry especially, had surely no need of concerning themselves about the succession, as, whoever conquered, they were still to continue under an uncontroled government. But the multitude was always foolish throughout the world, and is always made a tool to carry points that concern them but very little, or very remotely: nor will they ever be persuaded, that with respect to them, it matters but very little how and by whom they are governed. Instead of holding their peace, and playing merely the spectators, as some other Spaniards did upon that occasion; instead of leaving the two princes to fight it out as well as they could, the silly Catalans listened to the seducive voice of numerous emissaries from Austria and from England, who made them believe they would all be rich, all happy, all glorious, if Charles could prevail. The effect of such promises was, that the poor fellows quitted their ploughs and their looms, took up swords and firelocks, and marched bravely against Philip, declaring that they would have a German king, and not a French one.

But what availed their declarations and their fighting! Philip prevailed, because the Germans could do but little for Charles; and the English, who had long supported him powerfully, grew at last tired of it, and dropped him. Deserted and given up by the allies of Charles, the wretched Catalans were considered by the victor as rebels and traytors. Many of them had fallen in war; but they were now hanged, beheaded, sent to the gallies, and harasled and tormente’d in other various ways. Then a capitation was laid upon them, and entailed upon their posterity, are now forced to get up long before the sun to earn it, and atone for the great folly of their forefathers. Tuas res age is the best general advice that prudence can give; and if every Catalan, instead of Biva el Rey Don Carlos, had said to himself and to his countrymen tuas res age, they might have prevented the great calamities that overtook them for the want of such an advice.

, A journey from London to Genoa, through England, Portugal, Spain, and France (1770).

Comentarios del compilador

No sé cuanto de verdad hay en esto.

Traducción en [ref3586].

450.000 palabras sin publicidad ni subvención

Noticias por e-mail

Tags y explicaciónes

  • Barcelona (1603)
  • Carlos VI del Sacro Imperio Romano Germánico (40) Carlos Francisco de Habsburgo y Neoburgo (Karl Franz Joseph Wenzel Balthasar Johann Anton Ignaz von Habsburg) (Viena, Austria, 1 de octubre de 1685-ibídem, 20 de octubre de 1740) fue emperador del Sacro Imperio Romano-Germánico como Carlos VI (1711–1740), rey de Hungría como Carlos III (1711–1740) y rey de Bohemia como Carlos II (1711–1740).
  • Casa de Borbón (7) La Casa de Borbón (en francés: Bourbon, en italiano Borbone) es una casa real de origen francés (aunque la primera corona a la que accedió fue la del Reino de Navarra), actual casa reinante en España y en el Gran Ducado de Luxemburgo.
  • Casa de Habsburgo (9) La Casa de Habsburgo (Casa de Austria) y su familia sucesora, en Austria los Habsburgo-Lorena (Habsburg Lothringen), es una casa real de Europa, actualmente no reinante, que gobernó a lo largo de la Historia sobre varios países.
  • Cataluña (147)
  • Felipe V de España (45) Felipe V de España, llamado «el Animoso» (Versalles, 19 de diciembre de 1683-Madrid, 9 de julio de 1746), fue rey de España desde el 16 de noviembre de 1700 hasta su muerte en 1746, con una breve interrupción (comprendida entre el 16 de enero y el 5 de septiembre de 1724) por causa de la abdicación en su hijo Luis I, prematuramente fallecido el 31 de agosto de 1724.
  • Fernando VI de España (9) Fernando VI de España, llamado «el Prudente» o «el Justo» (Madrid, 23 de septiembre de 1713-Villaviciosa de Odón, 10 de agosto de 1759), fue rey de España desde 1746 hasta 1759, tercer hijo de Felipe V y de su primera esposa María Luisa Gabriela de Saboya.
  • Giuseppe Baretti (4) Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti (Turín 24 de abril de 1719 - Londres 5 de mayo de 1789), escritor, viajero y crítico de la Ilustración italiana.
  • Guerra de Sucesión Española (56) La Guerra de Sucesión Española fue un conflicto internacional que duró desde 1701 hasta la firma del tratado de Utrecht en 1713, que tuvo como causa fundamental la muerte sin descendencia de Carlos II de España, último representante de la Casa de Habsburgo, y que dejó como principal consecuencia la instauración de la Casa de Borbón en el trono de España.
  • Hacienda pública (4)
  • Ilustración en España (75) Ilustración en España o Ilustración española es el relato de los orígenes, características específicas y desarrollo del movimiento ilustrado en España y de los obstáculos y apoyos políticos y sociales que encontró a lo largo del siglo XVIII español caracterizado por el reformismo borbónico (1700/1714 - 1808).
  • Impuesto (7)
  • Morera (1)
  • Piera (1)
  • Reformismo borbónico (76) Reformismo borbónico hace referencia al periodo de la historia de España iniciado en 1700, en que Carlos II, el último rey de la Casa de Austria de la Monarquía Hispánica, nombró en su testamento un mes antes de morir a Felipe V de Borbón como su sucesor —lo que provocó la guerra de Sucesión Española (1701-1714)—, hasta las abdicaciones de Bayona de 1808 en las que Carlos IV y su hijo Fernando VII, que le había obligado a abdicar en su persona dos meses antes (Motín de Aranjuez), cedieron bajo presión a Napoleón Bonaparte sus derechos a la Corona, que este a su vez pasó a su hermano José I Bonaparte, lo que dio inicio a la guerra de la Independencia Española.
  • Viña (1)

Parecido

RSS feed

Almanaque creado por El Organillero-Cantante, antiguamente de Barcelona
© 2007-2019 · Etenim mihi multa vetustas scire dedit - Ovidio, Las metamorfosis