Country of belated marvels. A historical anthology of science, technology and industry in Spain.

This will eventually appear in three versions:

  1. English - In progress, first micro-instalment delivered August 2012.
  2. Español -
  3. Urtext - Titles and texts in original language (currently es, ca, en, nl, fr, de, it), no notes
Recently modified entries with (approx) date. Entry content only for the logged-in:
  1. 1921: Embers fly from a night train on the meseta
  2. 1879: (Urtext) Ode to the phonograph, and other “scientific” verse
  3. 1914: El català de la Mancha
  4. 1848: Resultados de las primeras pruebas militares de la nueva pólvora blanca de Josep Roura i Estrada; por qué no se usó
  5. 1863: Hymn to labour
  6. 1530: How to make good beer
  7. 1525: Carlos V de Gante introduces the repulsive Lowland fashion of putting ice in one’s beer
  8. 1813: (Urtext) End of the state beer monopoly
  9. 1814: Industrial beer
  10. 1701: (Urtext) Beer declared a state monopoly

Stuff:

  1. Full entries are only visible to the logged-in, a small group of the interesting & interested - tell me if you want to lend a hand.
  2. There's a Heraclean load of irrelevant (though often amusing) shite here, which will gradually be cleansed or artfully concealed.
  3. I've been struggling with MySQL and B.C. (and with URLs - if /YYYY/ is to be A.D., what's BC?). Messages on a (wax) tablet or similar, please, if you notice something amiss.
Shortcuts:

Provisional entry list

Pre-Restoration

  1. c. -150 A Spanish sword?
    • Gladius, Iron Age sword, Polybius, Roman conquest of Hispania,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  2. -133 The Numantian home-brew berserkers
    • alcohol, Beer, Brewing, Historia de la cerveza en España, Malt, Numantia, Orosius, Siege of Numantia, Soria,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  3. c. -50 Seville, stake-ville
    • Historia de Sevilla, History of Seville,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  4. -49 Using hastily improvised boats, Caesar crosses the Ebro at Lérida during his civil war
    • Battle of Ilerda, Caesar's Civil War, Hispania,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  5. c. 1 Cadiz-Rome itinerary on a goblet
    • Tags: Artemidorus Ephesius, Correo postal, Cursus publicus, Itinerario de Antonino, Milliarium Aureum, Vasos Apolinares, Vía Augusta,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  6. c. 23 The mineral wealth of Turdetania
    • Tags: Andalusia, Cádiz, Carmona, Córdoba, Guadalquivir, Hispania Baetica, Mining, Sevilla,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  7. c. 78 Construction technology: Roman cement (concrete) vs Spanish compacted earth
    • Tags: Natural History (Pliny),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  8. 149 A bill of lading for an amphora of Andalusian olive oil
    • Tags: Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Razi, Bill of lading,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  9. 206 Garum industry
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  10. 301 Diocletian limits the price of Cerdaña ham
    • Tags: Cerdanya (comarca), Diocletian, Edict on Maximum Prices, Menapii,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  11. 414 Barcino's Goths pay dearly for their dependence on Baetic Vandal wheat
    • Tags: Hispania Baetica, Olympiodorus of Thebes,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  12. 633 The Fourth Council of Toledo unifies the date of observance of Easter in Spanish churches
    • Tags: Calendario, Concilios de Toledo, Fourth Council of Toledo, Isidoro de Sevilla, IV Concilio de Toledo, time,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  13. 654 Visigothic punishments for the theft of mill (i.e. current-driven noria) machinery
    • Tags: Noria, Visigothic Code, Watermill,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  14. 800 Animal-driven irrigation wheel
    • Tags: Noria, Water, Water wheel,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  15. 976 First Western mention of Arabic numerals
    • Tags: Codex Vigilanus, San Martín de Albelda,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  16. 997 From holy sound to holy light
    • Tags: Bell (instrument),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  17. c. 1000 Tarragona's wind and water mills
    • Tags: Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari, Leat, Medieval technology, Molino de marea, Noria, Pascual de Gayangos y Arce, Tide mill, Watermill,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  18. c. 1050 Using Arzachel's saphaea to tell the time
    • Tags: Arzachel, Astrolabio, Azafea, Azarquiel, time,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  19. c. 1070 A Moorish ploughing almanac
    • Tags: Arado (agricultura), Arado romano, Ibn Bassal, Plough,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  20. 1130 Andalusia, centre of hydraulic technology exports
    • Tags: Morocco, Noria, Qanat, Water, Water wheel,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  21. 1140 El Cid, beer drinker?
    • Tags: Beer,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  22. 1151 The Játiva paper mill
    • Tags: Al-Andalus, Paper mill,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  23. c. 1190 Wheat-barley-legume crop rotation in Seville
    • Tags: Agricultura, Al-Andalus, Andalusia, Crop rotation, Demócrito, Ibn al-'Awwam, Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, Revolución agrícola del islam medieval, Rotación trienal, Sevilla, Solón,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  24. 1200 Basque mountain forges
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  25. 1214 James the Conqueror discovers his father has pledged the royal household and its future income as collateral to secure Jewish and Moorish loans
    • Tags: Carlos I de España, Deuda pública, Jaime I de Aragón, Juros, Llibre dels feits, Pedro II de Aragón,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  26. 1223 Settlement of a Moorish water dispute
    • Tags: Valencia, Water,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  27. 1261 Valencian water legislation
    • Tags: Furs of Valencia, Water,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  28. c. 1268 St Mary saves a slandered man from murder by lime kiln and permits the incineration of his accuser
    • Tags: Calcium oxide, Cantigas de Santa María, Forn de calç, Horno de cal, Lime kiln,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  29. c. 1268 Christians mine a Muslim tower
    • Tags: Al-Andalus, Mining (military),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  30. 1275 How to build a camera obscura meridian sundial
    • Tags: Camera obscura, Meridiano,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  31. 1340 In the war against Aragón, the Castilian army uses combinations of flags to communicate coded messages
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  32. 1359 Pedro of Aragon drives Pedro of Castile out of Barcelona harbour with the help of naval artillery
    • Tags: Barcelona Royal Shipyard, Bombard (weapon), Bombarda (arma), Crónica de Pedro el Ceremonioso, Naval artillery, Pero López de Ayala,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  33. c. 1371 Promissory note from Bernat de Codinachs of Valencia for Monsignor Manuel d'Entença of Huesca
    • Tags: Letra de cambio, Negotiable instrument, Promissory note,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  34. 1380 A saltpetre plantation - not found
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  35. 1387 Ownership and usufruct defined for Castilian mines
    • Tags: Kingdom of Castile, Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  36. 1405 Founding a bell
    • Tags: Bell (instrument), Printing,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  37. 1405 Enrique III of Castilla informed by smoke signals of the birth of his son Juan
    • Tags: Enrique III de Castilla, Juan II de Castilla,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  38. 1411 The sinner is to the Holy Spirit as a cannon is to an artilleryman
    • Tags: Lombarda,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  39. 1449 Sentencia-Estatuto de Toledo - an assault on Jewish tax-farming
    • Tags: Estatutos de limpieza de sangre, Juan II de Castilla, Pedro Sarmiento, Spanish Inquisition, Toledo,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  40. 1450 (Urtext) A diversion dam at Lorca
    • Tags: Acequia, Azud, Diversion dam,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  41. 1472 First book printed
  42. 1484 Traders and shopkeepers obliged to keep accounts
  43. 1487 Alleged first use of gunpowder to mine walls
    • Tags: Explosive material, Gunpowder, Mining (military), Pedro Navarro,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  44. 1492 The layout of a great house
    • Tags: Architecture,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  45. c. 1500 The life of a rib-vaulter
    • Tags: Architecture,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  46. 1501 A Moorish raid on the Cabo de Gata saltworks
    • Tags: Almería, Andalusia, salt industry,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  47. 1505 Ocean-going food preservation technology
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  48. 1513 My enemies' arguments against agricultural treatises
    • Tags: Gabriel Alonso de Herrera,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  49. 1561 A thieving Lutheran mining engineer is burnt at the stake
  50. 1564 Circulation of the blood postulated, 80 years before Harvey
    • Tags: Miguel Servet, William Harvey,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  51. c. 1565 Optimising scheduling in mule-powered foundries
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  52. 1566 A remarkable Manchego windmill patent
    • Tags: Savonius wind turbine, Vertical axis wind turbine,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  53. 1568 (Urtext) Carlos I's brewery at Yuste
  54. c. 1570 God, Creation and commercial contracts
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  55. 1571 Basque and Romance pidgins in the New World cod trade
  56. 1573 Detailed critique of foundry techniques in Andalusia compared with the New World
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  57. 1580 Geometric algorithms for galleon hull construction
    • Tags: Construcción naval, Shipbuilding,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  58. 1582 Edmund Scory's ascent of Mount Teide
    • Tags: Teide, Tenerife, Thomas_Sprat,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  59. 1584 Royal decree determining legal bases of mine ownership and usufruct in Spain and its colonies for the next 300 years
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  60. 1591 Black stones in the sea! An end to dependence on England and Flanders?
    • Tags: Asturias, coal, Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  61. 1619 Description of the principal bullring of Madrid
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  62. 1620 Teaching the deaf to sign and speak the alphabet
    • Tags: Alfabeto manual, Diego de Astor, Juan de Pablo Bonet, Lengua de señas, Lengua de signos española, Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  63. 1665 The Spanish ambassador in London calls the Royal Society's barometrists lunatics and throws them out
    • Tags: Anexo:Embajadores de España en el Reino Unido, Barómetro, Carlos II de Inglaterra, Charles de Watteville, Evangelista Torricelli, Gilles Ménage, Jacobo II de Inglaterra, Royal Society, Teide, Tenerife,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  64. 1665 How horses are shoed in Spain
    • Tags: Herrero,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  65. 1680 An auto de fe sponsored by the Worshipful Company of Coal Merchants
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  66. 1707 Advantages of a common market of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon
    • Tags: comercio libre, Decretos de Nueva Planta, Guerra de Sucesión Española, Melchor Rafael de Macanaz, Memorial secreto del Conde-Duque de Olivares, Michael-Jean Amelot,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  67. 1721 The pulse
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  68. 1739 Measuring the length of a degree of latitude at the Equator.
    • Tags: Charles Marie de La Condamine, French Geodesic Mission, Misión geodésica francesa,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  69. 1745 Reasons for Spain's backwardness in the natural sciences
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  70. 1745 In terms of discoveries, herring curing beats a South American silver mine
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  71. 1745 Reconciling extra-terrestrials with universal descendance from Adam - not appropriate
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  72. 1750 A proverb in the hand may be worth nothing in the bush
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  73. 1753 Trust your instincts, not doctors
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  74. 1753 Ignorance is more virtuous than science
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  75. 1753 End of the road for St Mark's Bull
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  76. 1753 Work begins on the canal de Castilla
    • Tags: Canal de Castilla, Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  77. 1755 Are we increasingly earthquake-prone, and, if so, why?
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  78. c. 1755 Why in Guipúzcoa, land of fire, coal is not generally used for primary iron production
    • Tags: coal, Guipúzcoa, Manuel Larramendi, Mining, Siderurgia,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  79. 1759 The madness of Níjar, or the rebellion of the masses
    • Tags: Almería, Andalusia, Níjar,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  80. 1760 Project to increase Spain's diminished population
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  81. 1760 Chinese medicine
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  82. 1764 Fundación de la Conferencia Physycomatemática Experimental
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  83. 1765 (Urtext) "Libre comercio", o bien una ampliación del número de puertos autorizados a comerciar entre sí
    • Tags: Barcelona, Cádiz, Carlos III de España, Casa de Contratación de Indias, comercio libre, Tasa de granos,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  84. 1769 Casanova warns the authorities of the sexual mores of “Swiss” colonists in the Sierra Morena
    • Tags: Carlos III de España, Colonización de Sierra Morena, Nuevas Poblaciones de Andalucía y Sierra Morena, Pablo de Olavide, Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  85. 1774 Simple industries preferable to avoid disrupting subsistence agriculture
    • Tags: Jean-Baptiste Colbert, José de Carvajal y Lancáster, Pedro Rodríguez de Campomanes,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  86. 1774 A country incapable of competing industrially or closing its ports has no future
    • Tags: José Cadalso,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  87. 1778 State revenue and expenditure in 1768/1778
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  88. 1782 Pollution surrounding mercury mine due to lack of control of furnaces
    • Tags: Almadén, Mercury, Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  89. 1783 Royal decree prohibiting peripatetic peddlers and ambulant operators of camera obscuras and smart animals
    • Tags: Barcelona, Camera obscura, Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  90. 1784 It’s a bird, it’s a plane, it’s Superman: the prototype
    • Tags: Aerostato, Aerostato de gas, Argonautas, Faetón, Ganimedes (mitología), Jacques Charles, Nesles-la-Vallée, Pegaso,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  91. 1785 Survival of the Aristophanian tradition of using birds to find mines
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  92. 1787 Asturian prejudice against coal mining
    • Tags: Asturias, Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  93. 1787 Quasi-religious cult around the scientific friar Feijoo
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  94. 1791 Aside: French revolutionary legislation prohibiting trade associations
    • Tags: Ley Le Chapelier,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  95. 1799 Betancourt's uses gimbal joints to eliminate transmission error for poorly aligned optical telegraph stations, but the French prefer an inferior French system
    • Tags: Abraham Louis Breguet, Academia de Ciencias de Francia, Agustín de Betancourt, Gimbal, Gyroscope, Proteccionismo, Real Gabinete de Máquinas, Telegrafía, Telégrafo óptico,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  96. 1800 La prole: cantidad y calidad
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  97. 1807 Catalan inventors claim they have been cheated out of their advanced low-pressure watermill by a Murcian mafia
    • Tags: Noria, Water wheel, Watermill,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  98. 1807 All exchange trading still takes place in public squares
    • Tags: Exchange (organized market),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  99. 1807 Artunduaga blast furnace - dump
    • Tags: Alto horno,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  100. 1814 Industrial beer
  101. 1816 Africa begins at the Pyrenees
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  102. 1818 First regular stagecoach service in Spain
    • Tags: Barcelona, Diligencia (carruaje),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  103. 1824 Anti-Luddite royal decree
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  104. 1826 First experiment with gas lighting
    • Tags: Alumbrado de gas, Barcelona, Lonja de Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  105. 1826 The Barcelona board of trade appoints William Casey to give English classes
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  106. 1832 A historiography of Spanish mining
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  107. 1833 Asiatic cholera arrives in Spain
    • Tags: Barcelona, cholera, First Carlist War, Madrid, Portugal, ship transport, Spain,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  108. 1833 Marbella's pioneering blast and reverberatory furnaces use charcoal, Asturian coal and water power to process considerable nearby iron protoxide deposits
    • Tags: Alto horno, Altos hornos de Marbella, Andalusia, Frédéric Le Play, Reverberatory furnace,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  109. 1834 Sourcing copper for cannons during the First Carlist War
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  110. 1834 Rural Spain discovers potatoes
    • Tags: potato,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  111. 1835 Ecclesiastical confiscations
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  112. 1835 The mob burns Bonaplata's factory of marvels
    • Tags: Barcelona, Ferdinand VII of Spain, First Carlist War, Luddism, steam engine, strike action,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  113. 1836 The organisation of a small ironworks
    • Tags: Ironworks,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  114. 1836 First steam engine
    • Tags: Barcelona, Máquina de vapor,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  115. 1840 Why we weavers need a society for mutual protection
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  116. 1843 Real-life Carmens
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  117. 1843 A shareholder in the mines
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  118. 1843 Mass production of beggars
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  119. 1844 A French entrepreneur mounts a water-powered textile mill in Manlleu
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  120. 1846 The enchantment of a mercury mine
    • Tags: Almadén, Mining, Romanticism,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  121. 1848 Resultados de las primeras pruebas militares de la nueva pólvora blanca de Josep Roura i Estrada; por qué no se usó
    • Tags:
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  122. 1848 First railway: Barcelona-Mataró
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  123. 1848 Sacred embryology
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  124. 1848 Anti-union and -cartel wage-fixing legislation
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  125. 1850 Reciprocity and the usurer
    • Tags: avarice, Catalonia, money, railway, Valls,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  126. c. 1850 Cramming the industrial masses behind Barcelona's medieval walls
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  127. c. 1850 Description of the Sabero ironworks two years after start-up of Spain's first commercially viable coke-fired blast furnace
    • Tags: Alto horno, Altos hornos de Marbella, Fábrica de armas de Trubia, Ferrería de San Blas, Málaga, Mining, Sabero, Siderurgia, Sociedad Palentino-Leonesa de Minas,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  128. 1852 Spanish locomotive speed record: 120 km/h
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  129. c. 1853 Prostitution in industrial Madrid
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  130. 1853 First steam locomotive constructed in Spain
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  131. 1855 Address by the bishop of Vic to strikers
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  132. 1855 Edict from the Catalan military governor outlawing unofficial trade unions
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  133. 1855 Petition to parliament requesting basic workers' rights
    • Tags: Francisco Pi y Margall,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  134. 1855 La Maquinista
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  135. 1856 A zinc roaster too cunning for Spanish investors
    • Tags: Asturiana de Zinc, coal, Mining, Real Compañía Asturiana de Minas,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  136. 1858 The Queen goes down the pit
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  137. 1858 "Spanish manufacturers produce inferior textiles in order to protect workers' health"
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  138. 1860 Free-trade hydra threatens to devour national industry
    • Tags: Adam Smith, Catalonia, free trade, protectionism,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  139. c. 1860 A future Nobel biologist observes the mid-prayer electrocution of his parish priest by a heavenly ray
    • Tags: Barcelona,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  140. 1861 Spain, rich in everything except knowledge
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  141. c. 1862 Store-room heads vs thinking heads
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  142. 1863 Hymn to labour
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  143. c. 1864 A home-made cannon
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  144. c. 1865 A mine stained red
    • Tags: Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  145. c. 1865 A blind man's description of a cave
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  146. 1865 Dream of a model factory
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  147. 1865 First sight of a train and a camera
    • Tags: Barcelona,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  148. 1865 An evil banker
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  149. 1865 A German-owned gunpowder factory
  150. 1865 The intellectual value of solitude
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  151. 1865 Jules Verne enlists the help of Spanish science
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  152. 1865 Remedy for Asiatic cholera
    • Tags: Barcelona, cholera, Sabadell,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  153. 1866 That's light, not fire! France, the promised land
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  154. 1867 Granada's irrigation bell
    • Tags: Bell (instrument), Granada,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  155. 1868 Probably not the first air-independent and combustion-engine-driven submarine
    • Tags: Barcelona, H. L. Hunley (submarine), Isaac Peral, Narciso Monturiol, Submarino, Submarino Peral, Timeline_of_steam_power,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  156. 1868 Famine
    • Tags:
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  157. 1868 Glorious Revolution followed by 6 years of revolutionary chaos
    • Tags: Glorious Revolution (Spain), Isabella II of Spain,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  158. 1868 Universal male suffrage
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  159. 1868 Going mad
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  160. 1868 Superiority of surgery over medicine
    • Tags: Barcelona,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  161. 1868 Universal ignorance of mathematics
    • Tags: Barcelona,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  162. 1868 Forget the laws: it's the people, stupid
    • Tags: 1868, José María de Pereda,
    • Child posts:
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  163. 1868 Decree establishing the peseta as common currency of the Spanish dominions
    • Tags: peseta,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  164. 1869 Company law
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  165. 1869 Figuerola tariff
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  166. 1869 Jacinto Barrau's marvellous silk machine to the British
    • Tags: Barcelona, Historia de la seda, History of silk,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  167. c. 1870 An iron lizard abducted Cordera the symbolic cow and my brother from our Asturian wilderness
    • Tags: train,
    • Child posts:
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  168. c. 1870 Growth of business marketing
    • Tags: Madrid,
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  169. c. 1870 A finch singing competition in Barcelona's textile belt, and Tolstoy's finch
    • Tags: Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Richard Wagner, Yasnaya_Polyana,
    • Child posts:
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  170. 1872 Night falls but street noise makes rest impossible
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  171. 1872 Río Tinto copper co
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  172. 1872 Banco Hipotecario
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  173. 1872 Spanish coal production and industrial consumption - Barcelona's coal deficit
    • Tags: Barcelona, coal, Mining,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  174. 1872 Boy meets treadmill in a Madrid rope workshop
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  175. 1872 The beauty of a map of industrial Spain
    • Tags:
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  176. 1872 Urban improvements vs pan et circenses
    • Tags:
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  177. 1872 Pomps and prides of bourgeois Madrid
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  178. 1872 Get-rich-quick schemes
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  179. 1872 A civil servant with a doubtful dedication to customs and industry
    • Tags: Madrid,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  180. 1872 An anarchist lithographer: Le peuple, c'est moi
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  181. 1872 Spanish prime minister's view of the First International
    • Tags: Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, Primera Internacional,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  182. 1872 Jerez wine tram
    • Tags: alcohol,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  183. c. 1873 The problem with abolishing money
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
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  184. c. 1873 The making of a magnate
    • Tags:
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  185. 1873 Progress and the demolition of railway bridges
    • Tags: Benito Pérez Galdós, Ciudad Real, Episodios nacionales, José Plácido Sansón, La Primera República, Nicolás Estévanez Murphy, Puente de Vadollano, Viaducto de Vadollano,
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  186. 1873 First electrical power station
    • Tags: Barcelona, Generación de energía eléctrica,
    • Child posts:
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  187. 1873 Revolutionary song: the earth will flow with nitroglycerine
    • Tags: Explosivo, Nitroglicerina,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  188. 1874 Bank of Spain granted monopoly of banknote issue
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  189. 1874 Dissolution ordered of "anti-property, anti-family" associations like the International
    • Tags:
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The Bourbon Restoration

  1. 1875 Base quinta of 1869 tariff suspended
    • Tags: Arancel, Política arancelaria, Proteccionismo,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  2. 1875 Bourbon restoration -> Alfonso XII
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  3. 1876 Laureano Figuerola's discourse at the inauguration of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza
    • Tags: José Pijoán, Karl Christian Friedrich Krause,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  4. 1877 Ferrocarriles Andaluces
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  5. 1877 Arrival of the first telephones, first tests in mainland Spain
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  6. 1878 Madrid, Spain's railway hub
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  7. 1879 (Urtext) Ode to the phonograph, and other "scientific" verse
    • Tags: Melchor de Palau,
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  8. 1880 Devastating effect on Andalusian exports of Catalan-driven industrial protectionism
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  9. 1881 Arriving in society
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  10. 1881 The underdevelopment of Spanish heavy industry
    • Tags: Bilbao, Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  11. 1882 National Institute of Emigration
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  12. 1882 Preserves
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  13. 1883 Gold-peseta convertibility suspended
    • Tags: peseta,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  14. 1883 A mother's ten commandments
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  15. 1883 Right to withdraw labour in wage disputes established
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  16. 1883 Cigarette girl
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  17. 1884 Commercial code
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  18. 1884 Cholera
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  19. 1884 Hapsburg regency - María Cristina
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  20. 1884 Pacto del Pardo
    • Tags:
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  21. 1884 Workers rights
    • Tags:
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  22. 1884 A village factory
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  23. 1885 First steel in peninsula produced using Bessemer converter
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  24. 1885 Mill workers strike for the right to celebrate the feast of Our Lady of Carmel
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  25. c. 1885 A young girl strolls through an industrial city
    • Tags:
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  26. c. 1885 Pros and cons of steam power
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  27. 1886 Origins of the Barcelona exposition
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  28. 1887 Barcelona Exposition cement requirements
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  29. c. 1888 The destruction of Professor Letamendi
    • Tags:
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  30. 1888 Slavery abolished in Cuba
    • Tags:
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  31. 1889 Regulations governing construction of industrial installations
    • Tags:
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  32. 1889 The education of second-generation industrialists
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  33. 1890 Universal male suffrage v. 2
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  34. 1890 A Catalan milltown at nightfall
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  35. 1890 Chemical dyes and the invention of folkloric dress
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  36. 1891 Cánovas' protectionist tariffs
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  37. 1891 Repatriation of Cuban savings financing industry and real estate speculation
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  38. 1891 Health and safety song from the San Severiano shipyard at Cadiz
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  39. 1892 Child-labourers thrived on 15-hour days and are being ruined by music halls
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  40. 1892 Gibraltar railway vetoed "for eternity" by the Spanish Ministry of War
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  41. 1892 The use of oak in urban road construction
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  42. 1893 Usufruct and tenancy in the wine industry
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  43. 1893 The terrible state of state schools
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  44. 1894 The scientific production of jamón serrano
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  45. c. 1895 A new signalling system on the Vitoria-Pamplona line
    • Tags: Telégrafo óptico, train,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  46. 1895 After phylloxera, American vines
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  47. 1895 Torrential rain ruins the inauguration of Galicia's first public thermometer and barometer
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  48. c. 1896 Public incomprehension of the peseta, 30 years after its introduction
    • Tags: peseta,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  49. 1896 "Colonialist bishops are echoing the Koran, not the Gospels"
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  50. 1896 Film cameras cause a minor revolution in the Royal Family and the Army
    • Tags: Barcelona, Cine español,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  51. 1897 Explosives monopoly
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  52. 1897 Industry and the colonial problem
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  53. 1897 The dangerous electrical trend represented by the chincatapunchincograph
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  54. 1898 Loss of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Philippines
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  55. 1898 A session of the Tribunal de las Aguas
    • Tags: Valencia, Vicente Blasco Ibáñez,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  56. 1899 Villaverde stabilisation plan
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  57. 1900 Ministry of Public Education & Fine Arts
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  58. 1900 Life in the orange groves of Valencia
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  59. 1900 Founding the machines for a cement factory
    • Tags: Basque Country (autonomous community), Ironworks,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  60. 1900 Manufacturing poisonous alcohol
  61. 1900 The inhabitants of Barcelona begin painting 24 hours on their clocks, to celebrate the law ordering a standard day based on GMT
    • Tags: Barcelona, time,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  62. 1901 Banco Hispano Americano
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  63. 1901 Resurrected writers from Spain's Golden Age are horrified to discover black dragons of iron bearing their names
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  64. 1901 Ode to the last North Atlantic right whale killed on the Cantabrian coast
    • Tags: Balleneros vascos, Eubalaena glacialis,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  65. 1901 Bill legalising unions and strikes
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  66. 1902 Banco Español de Credito
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  67. 1902 Altos Hornos de Vizcaya
    • Tags: Alto horno, Altos Hornos de Vizcaya, Horno Alto 1 de Altos Hornos de Vizcaya,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  68. 1902 Vaccination campaign
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  69. 1902 Bill proposing industrial tribunals and arbitration and conciliation boards
    • Tags:
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  70. 1903 Institute Social Reform
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  71. 1903 An imaginary car race
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  72. 1905 Solving drought with artificial storms
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  73. 1905 Catechism of town planning
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  74. 1905 Infection of countryside by industrial morality
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  75. c. 1905 The spaghetti special from Méntrida to Navalcarnero
    • Tags: Cannon for Cordoba, Estación de Goya (línea Madrid-Almorox), Metre gauge, train,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  76. 1905 Electrification of Barcelona-Sarria line
    • Tags: Barcelona, Electrification, train,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  77. 1906 Why invent things, when Europe will invent them for us?
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  78. 1907 Law development national industry
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  79. 1907 Committee sponsor scientific study abroad
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  80. 1908 If Spanish queens are the source of justice, why can't women be lawyers?
    • Tags: Francisco Pi y Margall, Gender equality,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  81. 1908 Diesel power on the Aznalcóllar-Guadalquivir line
    • Tags: train,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  82. 1909 Law explicitly legalising associations of workers and bosses
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  83. 1909 Portable X-ray machine
    • Tags: electroterapia, Mónico Sánchez Moreno, radiología, Rayos X,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  84. 1910 The pleasure gardens
    • Tags:
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  85. 1911 In this restless age, man must find peace in mechanical motion
    • Tags:
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  86. 1911 Gergal-Santa Fé con corriente trifásica
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  87. 1912 The loneliness of the meseta night train
    • Tags: train,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  88. 1912 patatas bravas raval
    • Tags: potato,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  89. 1912 The tossers of Barcelona
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  90. c. 1913 How industrial financing works
    • Tags: Market manipulation, Short (finance),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  91. 1914 El català de la Mancha
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  92. 1917 Law protection national industry
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  93. 1917 The pig-feast of the poor
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  94. 1917 Letter from the philosopher Unamuno to the neuroscientist Ramón y Cajal
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  95. 1917 Lack of British coal caused by WWI leads to fuel innovation
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  96. 1918 Global flu epidemic
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  97. 1918 Eclipse of sailing ships by floating hotels
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  98. c. 1918 Looking for God in the night train to Madrid
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  99. 1918 The telephone of death
    • Tags:
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  100. 1919 The Babcock & Wilcox factories at Sestao and San Salvador del Valle near Bilbao
    • Tags: Babcock & Wilcox, Bilbao, San Salvador del Valle, Sestao,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  101. 1919 Madrid metro
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  102. 1920 The crucial role of degenerates, drunks and disorderly women in the labour movement
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  103. 1921 Embers fly from a night train on the meseta
    • Tags: Madrid,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  104. 1923 The Andalusian aristocracy adopts aeroplanes in order to hunt bustards
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  105. 1923 First sound film
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  106. c. 1925 Bluebeard in the train
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  107. 1925 DC in Puerto de Pajares
    • Tags:
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  108. 1925 Primer automotor térmico
    • Tags:
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  109. 1926 Gaudí and the tram: chronicle of a death foretold
    • Tags:
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  110. 1928 Yellow manifesto
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  111. 1930 The moral position of surrealism
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View

After

  1. 1931 Bill proposing union participation in business administration
    • Tags: Francisco Largo Caballero,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  2. 1931 In defence of illiteracy
    • Tags: Julio Camba, Marcelino Domingo,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  3. 1931 Labour provisions in the 1931 constitution
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  4. 1935 The disadvantages of a state that alternates between serving big business and the unions
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  5. 1935 Diesel tractors
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  6. 1936 A massacre, the legacy of a misconceived hydroelectric scheme
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  7. 1936 A fire-bull rages over Barcelona
    • Tags: Barcelona,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  8. 1936 Radio is a capitalist plot designed to frustrate falangism
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  9. 1938 Franquista industrial legislation
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  10. 1940 Legislation amalgamating unions under political direction
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  11. 1941 Renfe
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  12. 1942 Legislation establishing state control over labour contracts
    • Tags:
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  13. 1955 I'm a miner! The romanticisation of industrial labour
    • Tags: Andalusia, Mining,
    • Child posts:
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  14. 1957 The first 600
    • Tags: SEAT 600,
    • Child posts:
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  15. 1958 Law regulating collective bargaining
    • Tags: Contrato colectivo de trabajo,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  16. 1959 The beginning of the beach boom
    • Tags: Almería, Francoist Spain, Málaga, tourism,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  17. 1960 Nuclear
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  18. 1969 Embezzlement of subsidies using supposed technological innovation
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  19. 1975 Limited legalisation of strikes
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  20. 1977 Transition law regulating industrial relations
    • Tags:
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  21. 1980 Workers' statute
    • Tags: Estatuto de los trabajadores (España),
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  22. c. 1986 Bidding for tunnel construction projects
    • Tags: Channel Tunnel,
    • Child posts:
    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  23. 1990 High-speed train
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    • UR EN ES Notes Map Illustration Edit View
  24. 2000 Wind
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  25. 2008 Tribute to Francesc Pujols
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Distribution

What was happening/recorded + personal waywardness.

... by century

CenturyEntries
200 - 101 B.C.2
100 - 1 B.C.2
1 - 100 A.D.3
101 - 200 A.D.1
201 - 300 A.D.1
301 - 400 A.D.1
401 - 500 A.D.1
501 - 600 A.D.0
601 - 700 A.D.2
701 - 800 A.D.1
801 - 900 A.D.0
901 - 1000 A.D.3
1001 - 1100 A.D.2
1101 - 1200 A.D.5
1201 - 1300 A.D.6
1301 - 1400 A.D.5
1401 - 1500 A.D.10
1501 - 1600 A.D.15
1601 - 1700 A.D.5
1701 - 1800 A.D.31
1801 - 1900 A.D.154
1901 - 2000 A.D.74
Total324

... by decade, 1851-1950

Links don't work to decades

DecadeEntries
1851 - 1860 A.D.12
1861 - 1870 A.D.30
1871 - 1880 A.D.28
1881 - 1890 A.D.27
1891 - 1900 A.D.26
1901 - 1910 A.D.23
1911 - 1920 A.D.18
1921 - 1930 A.D.9
1931 - 1940 A.D.10
1941 - 1950 A.D.2
Total185

Provisional bibliography

  1. (To process) 1 Maccabees
  2. (To process) A journey through Spain in the years 1786 and 1787 Volume 2
  3. (To process) ABC
  4. (To process) Agricultura general
  5. (To process) An authentick narrative of the original establishment and progress of the Inquisition
  6. (To process) An edict ... fixing a maximum of prices throughout the Roman empire
  7. (To process) Analectes sur l'histoire et la littérature des Arabes d'Espagne
  8. (To process) Ante una encrucijada en la historia política y económica del mundo
  9. (To process) Articles
  10. (To process) Asturias vista por viajeros románticos extranjeros y otros visitantes y cronistas famosos
  11. (To process) Boletín de la Institución Libre de Enseñanza 1 1877
  12. (To process) Boletín oficial del Ministerio de Fomento Volumen 31
  13. (To process) Cantigas de Santa María
  14. (To process) Capitalismo y morfología urbana en España
  15. (To process) Carlos de Habsburgo en Yuste
  16. (To process) Ciencia para la burguesía. Renovación pedagógica y enseñanza de la geografía en la revolución liberal (1814-1857)
  17. (To process) Colección de cánones y de todos los concilios de la Iglesia de Espana
  18. (To process) Corografía o descripción general de la muy noble y leal Provincia de Guipúzcoa
  19. (To process) Corte de una maquina Nueba de Molino ydraulica que es la primera que esta en el Mundo
  20. (To process) Cortes de Toledo 1538
  21. (To process) Crónica del rey d'Arago en Pere 4 lo ceremoniós
  22. (To process) Código civil español
  23. (To process) Código penal de 1848
  24. (To process) De Re Publica Hispaniae
  25. (To process) De mitos y milagros. El Instituto Nacional de Autarquía (1941-1963)
  26. (To process) Diario de Sesiones de las Cortes Constituyentes
  27. (To process) Discurso sobre la educación popular sobre los artesanos y su fomento
  28. (To process) Documentos para la Historia del Arte del Archivo Catedral de Santo Domingo de la Calzada
  29. (To process) Don Quijote de la Mancha
  30. (To process) El Coure. I. Producció i consum a l'era industrial
  31. (To process) El Coure. II. La Farga Lacambra (1808-2007): un estudi socioeconòmic
  32. (To process) El futuro Madrid
  33. (To process) El mundo es ansí
  34. (To process) El pozo abuelo del carbón asturiano
  35. (To process) El tabaco que fumaba Plinio. Escenas de la traducción en España y América: relatos, leyes y reflexiones sobre los otros.
  36. (To process) El valor geográfico de España (1921)
  37. (To process) Ensayo sobre el arte de navegar por debajo del agua
  38. (To process) Epistolario completo Ortega-Unamuno
  39. (To process) Esa voz es una mina
  40. (To process) España: sus monumentos y artes su naturaleza e historia. Cataluña
  41. (To process) General Estoria I
  42. (To process) Higiene del tejedor
  43. (To process) Historia de la Real Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla
  44. (To process) History of civilization in England Volume 2
  45. (To process) Industria, higiene y moral en la Barcelona del siglo XIX
  46. (To process) Introducción a las instrucciones de la sociedad de tejedores
  47. (To process) Inventario de los bienes muebles que quedaron de Carlos V en Yuste
  48. (To process) Irrigation and Society in Medieval Valencia
  49. (To process) Isidore Etymologies
  50. (To process) Kitāb al-filāḥa
  51. (To process) La Barceloneta del siglo XVIII al Plan de la Ribera
  52. (To process) La Ciutat de València
  53. (To process) La Correspondencia de España
  54. (To process) La barraca
  55. (To process) La casa de Aizgorri
  56. (To process) La corónica de Adramón
  57. (To process) La industria del gas en Barcelona, 1841-1933. Innovación tecnológica, territorio urbano y conflicto de intereses
  58. (To process) La minería no férrica en el reino de Castilla: 1450-1610
  59. (To process) La tribuna
  60. (To process) Las ciudades
  61. (To process) Las seiscientas apotegmas
  62. (To process) Le Journal des sçavans 1685
  63. (To process) Les espagnols et l'Europe (1890-1939)
  64. (To process) Libreria de Escribanos Abogados y Jueces
  65. (To process) Libro de la açafeha
  66. (To process) Livro da Fabrica das Naos
  67. (To process) Los Españoles pintados por sí mismos
  68. (To process) Los caminos de la era industrial. La construcción y financiación de la Red Ferroviaria Catalana
  69. (To process) Los degenerados en sociedad
  70. (To process) Los ingenieros de montes en la España contemporánea, 1848-1936
  71. (To process) Los ingenieros militares en España. Siglo XVIII. Repertorio biográfico e inventario de su labor científica y espacial.
  72. (To process) Memoria presentada al ministro de comercio
  73. (To process) Menagiana
  74. (To process) Miscel·lània històrica catalana: homenatge al Pare Jaume Finestres
  75. (To process) New York Times
  76. (To process) Noticia historica documentada de las célebres minas de Guadalcanal
  77. (To process) Olympiodorus Historikoi Logoi
  78. (To process) Para la historia
  79. (To process) Peseta y protección. Comercio exterior, moneda y crecimiento económico en la España de la restauración.
  80. (To process) Pliny Natural History
  81. (To process) Plática manual de artillería
  82. (To process) Popular Mechanics
  83. (To process) Popular Science
  84. (To process) Rapport sur un nouveau télégraphe de l'invention des citoyens Bréguet et Bétancourt
  85. (To process) Reducción de las letras y arte para enseñar a hablar a los mudos
  86. (To process) Registro y relación general de las minas de la Corona de Castilla
  87. (To process) Reina Libro de albeitería
  88. (To process) Revista de Historia Industrial
  89. (To process) Roportorio de todos los caminos de Espana
  90. (To process) Seven Books of History Against the Pagans
  91. (To process) Simancas Cédulas no 141
  92. (To process) Simancas
  93. (To process) Sumario de la milicia antigua y moderna
  94. (To process) Tejiendo en red. La industria del género de punto en Cataluña (1891-1936)
  95. (To process) Tesoro de la lengua castellana
  96. (To process) Teórica y práctica de fortificación
  97. (To process) The Geography of Strabo
  98. (To process) The Visigothic Code
  99. (To process) Tratado de Agricultura de Ibn Bassal
  100. (To process) Trilladoras y tractores
  101. (To process) Unclassified
  102. (To process) Vanquete de nobles cavalleros
  103. (To process) Vicente Ferrer Sermons
  104. (To process) Voyage d'Espagne
  105. (To process) of the Inquisition
  106. . Chronica o comentaris del gloriosssim e invictissim Rey en Jacme primer, Rey Darago, de Mallorques e de Valencia, Compte de Barcelona e de Montpesler, Jaume I. Barcelona: Llibrería d'Alvar Verdaguer, 1873.
  107. . Monografía de la Sociedad Altos Hornos de Vizcaya. Barcelona: , 1909.
  108. Abarca, Joseph Manuel. Discurso sobre fomentar la educacion de la nobleza destinada a la milicia. Sevilla: Joseph Velez Bracho y Castilla ///, 1800.
  109. Adán de Yarza, Ramón. Memorias de la comisión del mapa geológico de España. Descripción física y geológica de la provincia de Vizcaya. Madrid: , 1892.
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  111. Alarcón, Pedro Antonio de. Diario de un testigo de la guerra de África. : , .
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  113. Antón, Fernando de. Cataluña ante el libre cambio. Barcelona: Establecimiento tipográfico de Jaime Jepús, 1860.
  114. Arias, Gonzalo. La ruta de los Vasos Apolinares: Una propuesta de turismo cultural. Valencia: Gonzalo Arias, 2000.
  115. Aribau, Buenaventura Carlos. Ensayos poéticos. Barcelona: Dorca, 1817.
  116. Ateneo Catalán. Almanaque literario del Ateneo Catalán para 1864. Barcelona: Librería Española de I. López Bernagosi, 1863.
  117. Aub, Max. Campo cerrado. : , 1943.
  118. Aymard, Maurice. Irrigations du midi de l'Espagne : études sur les grands travaux hydrauliques et le régime administratif des arrosages de cette contrée. Paris: Eugène Lacroix, 1864.
  119. Azorín, (José Martínez Ruiz). Castilla. Madrid: Revista de archivos, 1912.
  120. Azorín, (José Martínez Ruiz). La voluntad. : , 1902.
  121. Bakker, Peter. "Language contact and pidginization in Davis Strait, Hudson Strait, and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (northeast Canada)" in Ernst Håkon Jahr, Ingvild Broch (eds) Language contact in the Arctic: northern pidgins and contact languages. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1996.
  122. Balaguer, Víctor. Las calles de Barcelona en 1865. Madrid: Manuel Tello, 1888.
  123. Barea, Arturo. La forja de un rebelde. Buenos Aires: Losada, 1951.
  124. Baroja, Pío. El árbol de la ciencia. Madrid: Biblioteca Renacimiento, 1911.
  125. Bembo, Max. La mala vida en Barcelona: anormalidad, miseria y vicio. Barcelona: Maucci, 1912.
  126. Benejam, Juan. La escuela práctica: obra destinada a promover la enseñanza primaria moderna mediante ejercicios. : , 1905.
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